First Independent Gallery
Bergamot D2
2525 Michigan Avenue Santa Monica, CA  90404
tel: 310.829.0345   email:
Wed-Sat, 11-5 & by appointment




Invisible Cities: Homage to Italo Calvino

September 12 October 6, 2018


I have loved reading INVISIBLE CITIES (1972), Italo Calvino’s masterwork of surrealism, over the years, always finding something new and compelling as I delve into his exotic worlds of mystery and magic and decay.

I took on the task for this exhibition of interpreting his complex urban visions into a series of three dimensional miniature assemblages. There are 55 “city” chapters in INVISIBLE CITIES. I chose 30 that I felt most connected to visually and emotionally. Calvino's text describing the 30 cities will be on display next to each of the 30 artworks.

Calvino’s feeling about cities is much like my own – abhorrently fascinating… a chaotic bouquet of poisonous flowers…city dwellers trapped in cycles of despair failing to realize that they hold the keys to their particular prison.

In Calvino’s words “The inferno of the living is not something that will be; if there is one, it is what is already here, the inferno where we live everyday, that we form by being together. There are two ways to escape suffering it. The first is easy for many:  accept the inferno and become such a part of it that you can no longer see it. The second is risky and demands constant vigilance and apprehension:  seek and learn to recognize who and what, in the midst of the inferno, are not inferno, then make them endure, give them space.”

“’Man cannot discover new oceans unless he has the courage to lose sight of the shore.”  André Gide

Take this journey with me.

Isidora, 2018, mixed media, 11 x 8 x 8"
Isidora, 2018, mixed media, 11 x 8 x 8"



Zobeide, 2018, mixed media, 8 x 4 x 2"
 Zenobia, 2018, mixed media, 9 x 7 x 4 ½"
Zenobia, 2018, mixed media, 9 x 7 x 4 "



Sophronia, 2018, mixed media, 5 x 9 x 2"
2018, mixed media, 5 x 9 x 2"

First Independent Gallery • Bergamot D2  • 2525 Michigan Avenue • Santa Monica, CA  90404
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